1. These By-Laws, authorized by “Article III (h)” of the Articles of Incorporation (“Articles) of
    Shoresh David Messianic Congregation, Inc. (a Florida non-profit “Corporation”), and its'
    associated Congregations and Ministries (“Ministry”), are established here to develop and
    regulate for the Ministry:

    1.1  A definite and distinct ecclesiastical government;

    1.2  A formal code of purpose, doctrine and discipline;

    1.3  Regularly scheduled religious services;

    1.4  Messianic classes and programs for instruction and education

2. Government of the Ministry:

    2.1. The Board of Directors shall be the only voting members of the Corporation, as
           established by “Article IV” of the “Articles of Incorporation”, and shall conduct all business
           of the Corporation under the final authority of the President of the Corporation.
           Accordingly, no act of the Board of Directors shall be considered a Corporate act without
           the approval of the President of the Corporation.

            2.2. The Senior Rabbi of Shoresh David Messianic Congregation, Inc. shall serve as the
                   President of the Corporation.

            2.3. From “Article IX” - The President of the Corporation shall be Chairman of the Board of
                   Directors of the Corporation, and shall manage the daily affairs of the Corporation.  The
                   President will be elected by the voting members of the Corporation, by a two-thirds (2/3)
                   majority vote.  He may not be removed without his consent, except for immoral conduct or
                   unrepentant heresy, as determined by the Judiciary Committee of the International Alliance
                   of Messianic Congregations and Synagogues, of the Messianic Jewish Alliance of America.

            2.4. From “Article X” - The By-Laws of the Corporation may be made, altered, or rescinded by
                   the Board of Directors of the Corporation, through regular or special meetings.

            2.5. From “Article XI” – These Articles may be amended at any regular meeting of the Board of
                   Directors of the Corporation, or at a special meeting called for that purpose, by a two-thirds
                   (2/3) majority vote of the Board.  

3. Vision Statement, Statement of Faith, and Doctrine & Disciplines Governing the Ministry
    and its' Authority

            3.1. Beliefs on Doctrine

                     3.1.1. The Vision Statement (Appendix A), Statement of Faith (Appendix B), and Doctrine &
                               Disciplines do not exhaust the extent of our faith. The Bible itself, from Genesis thru
                               Revelation, is the inspired and infallible Word of God concerning truth, morality, and
                               the proper conduct of mankind.  It is the sole and final source of authority over all that
                               we believe.  We do believe, however, that this Vision Statement, Statement of Faith, and
                               Doctrine & Disciplines accurately represent the teachings of the Bible, and therefore
                               are binding upon all Leaders and Members of the Corporation and Ministries.

                    3.1.2. Written and oral teachings, and all literature distributed or used in the Ministry,
                               whether in print or electronic form, shall be in complete agreement with this Vision
                               Statement, Statement of Faith, and Doctrine & Disciplines.

                    3.1.3. In all issues or conflicts regarding interpretation of the Vision Statement, Statement
                              of Faith, and Doctrine & Disciplines, the Senior Rabbi and Board of Directors, on behalf
                              of the Corporation and its’ Ministries, shall render final authority.

            3.2.     Beliefs on Cultural Issues

                      3.2.1.  Marriage & Sexuality

                           We believe the term “marriage” has only one legitimate meaning, and that is,
                                                 “marriage sanctioned by God which joins one man and one woman in a single,
                                                 covenantal union, as stated in Scripture.”

                                                            (Gen. 2:22-24, Lev. 18:22, Rom 1:26-27)

                            Marriage ceremonies performed in any facility owned, leased, or rented by the
                                                  Ministry, or performed by any of its’ Ministers, will only be those marriage
                                                  ceremonies sanctioned by God, joining one man with one woman as their
                                                  gender was determined at birth.

                           We believe that God instructs us that no intimate sexual activity be engaged in
                                                 outside of marriage (as it is defined above in  We believe that any
                                                 type of sexual activity, identity, or expression that lies outside this definition of
                                                 marriage, including those that are becoming more accepted in the culture and
                                                 the courts, are contradictory to, God’s natural design and purpose for sexual
                                                 activity (Gen. 2:24, Rom. 1:26-27, 1Cor 6:9, 1Thess. 4:3).

                            Whenever there is a conflict between the Ministry’s position and any new legal
                                                  standard for marriage, Section 3.2.1. (Marriage & Sexuality) of these By-Laws
                                                  will govern (Gen. 2.24, Eph. 5:21-32, 1Cor 7:1-9).

                        3.2.2.  Family Relationships

                           We believe that God has ordained the family as the foundational institution of
                                                  human society.

                           We believe that men and women are spiritually equal in position before God,
                                                  but God has ordained distinct and separate spiritual functions for men and
                                                  women in the home and Ministry.

                           The husband is to love his wife as himself, and the wife is to respect her
                                                 husband. (Ephesians 5:33)

                            The wife is to submit herself to the Biblical leadership of her husband, as the
                                                  Ministry submits to the headship of Messiah.

                           Children are a wonderful gift and heritage from the Lord.  Parents are
                                                  responsible for teaching their children spiritual and moral values, through
                                                  consistent lifestyle-example, and appropriate and loving training and
                                                  discipline.       (Deut. 6:6-7, Ps. 127:3-5, Prov. 22:15, Eph. 6:1-4, Col. 3:20-21)

                        3.2.3.  Sanctity of Human Life

                            We believe that all human life is sacred, and created by God in His Image.

                            We believe that human life begins at conception, and that an unborn child is a
                                                   living human being.

                            We believe that abortion and euthanasia constitute the unjustified taking of a
                                                   human life.

                            Human life is of inestimable worth in all its dimensions, including pre-born
                                                  babies, the aged, the physically or mentally challenged, and every other stage
                                                  or condition from conception through natural death.

                            We are therefore called to defend, protect, and value all human life
                                                                        (Ex. 20:13, Ps. 139:13-16).

                        3.2.4.  Protection of Children

                            We believe children must be absolutely protected by the Ministry from any
                                                   form of abuse or molestation. The Ministry has zero tolerance for any person
                                                   who abuses or molests a child, whether paid staff, volunteer, parent or family
                                                   member, congregant or visitor. (Matt. 18:6. 19:14, Mark 10:14)

                        3.2.5.  Divorce

                            We believe that God does not approve of divorce except on the grounds of
                                                  adultery (Mal. 2:14-17, Matt. 19:3-9, Rom. 7:1-3)

                        3.2.6.  Love

                            We believe we are called to demonstrate love for others.  Not only toward
                                                   fellow Believers, but also those who are not Believers, those who oppose us,
                                                   and those who engage in sinful actions.  We are to deal with those who oppose
                                                   us graciously, gently, patiently, and humbly.  God forbids the stirring up of
                                                   strife, the taking of revenge, or the threat or use of violence as a means of
                                                   resolving personal conflict or obtaining personal justice. Although God
                                                   commands us to abhor sinful behavior, we are to love and pray for any person
                                                   who engages in such actions.

                                                            (Lev. 19:18, Matt. 5:44-48, Luke 6:31, John 13:34-35, Rom. 12:9-10, 17-21,
                                                                   Phil. 2:2-4, 2Tim. 2:24-26, Titus 3:2, 1Peter 3:8-9, 1John 3:17-18).